Wednesday, May 30, 2007

Frugality: YES! Magazine -- cloth vs. disposable diapers

Fall 2002 Issue: Living Economies
YES! But How?

–Repost of article by Anna McClain:
Anna McClain -I am stymied by the new-age-old question: cloth or disposable diapers? Some say that the water required to wash cloth diapers is more damaging to our planet than the waste associated with disposables. What do you think?AlisonSan Francisco, California
Cloth. Washing cloth diapers at home uses 50 to 70 gallons of water every three days, according to Mothering Magazine, “about the same as a toilet-trained child or adult flushing the toilet five to six times a day.” “It takes 440 to 880 pounds of wood pulp and 286 pounds of plastic (including packaging) per year to supply one baby with disposable diapers,” according to Environment Canada. Dioxin, a chemical on the EPA’s list of most toxic cancer-linked chemicals, is a by-product of this manufacturing process. By contrast, less than 22 pounds of cotton is enough to supply one baby with reusable cotton diapers for two years. A study by the British Landbank Consultancy determined that, factoring in cotton growing, the manufacture and use of disposable diapers requires twice the water use and three times the energy of cloth diapers. (See
Disposables also pose risks during use. The wood pulp, plastic, sodium polyacrylate (which turns urine into gel), dyes, and fragrances in continual contact with a baby’s skin worry some of those who study infertility and hormone-mimicking chemicals. Several components of disposables (toluene, xylene, ethylbenzene, styrene, and isopropylbenzene), according to a report in the October 1999 issue of the Archives of Environmental Health, are bronchial irritants associated with asthma.
Each year, 18 billion disposable diapers burden US landfills, combining plastic, wood pulp, fecal matter and urine, and biohazards, including live vaccines from immunizations. The bundled fecal matter requires 200-500 years to decompose and can contaminate ground water. In contrast, waste water from washing diapers is treated, at least in most municipalities.
Finally, Jane McConnell in Mothering Magazinein June 1998 notes that babies in cloth diapers are changed more frequently, a factor that reduces diaper rash. As a bonus, she says that a child in cloth diapers actually knows when he or she is wet, and hence, is toilet trained earlier. Given all this, I’d choose cloth as the bottom line.–Anna McClain

Broadbased plans

Ben Franklin had a pretty good PLAN; I keep thinking I need to incorporate some of his, copied here without changes to original spellings:1. TEMPERANCE.Eat not to dullness; drink not to elevation.2. SILENCE.Speak not but what may benefit others or yourself; avoid trifling conversation.3. ORDER.Let all your things have their places; let each part of your business have its time.4. RESOLUTION.Resolve to perform what you ought; perform without fail what you resolve.5. FRUGALITY.Make no expense but to do good to others or yourself; i. e., waste nothing.6. INDUSTRY.Lose no time; be always employ’d in something useful; cut off all unnecessary actions.7. SINCERITY.Use no hurtful deceit; think innocently and justly, and, if you speak, speak accordingly.8. JUSTICE.Wrong none by doing injuries, or omitting the benefits that are your duty.9. MODERATION.Avoid extreams; forbear resenting injuries so much as you think they deserve.10. CLEANLINESS.Tolerate no uncleanliness in body, cloaths, or habitation.11. TRANQUILLITY.Be not disturbed at trifles, or at accidents common or unavoidable.12. CHASTITY.Rarely use venery but for health or offspring, never to dulness, weakness, or the injury of your own or another’s peace or reputation.13. HUMILITY. Imitate Jesus and Socrates.
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